The Legal Service Department of China Chamber of International Commerce (CCOIC) released the report on international intellectual property index 2020 (the Report) on March 31, in Beijing.
According to Tan Jian, former head of the Legal Service Department of CCOIC and who in charge of the Report, the CCOIC carried out the research project of intellectual property index (the IP Index) from the perspective of the industrial and commercial industry, and had widely surveyed and collected opinions from experts and enterprises since the fourth quarter of 2019. Based on the opinions, the CCOIC selected 10 countries as the main focuses to collect data related to intellectual property (IP). To formulate the preliminary version of the Report, the CCOIC established channels and developed methods to collect significant IP information, built a system to evaluate indicators, and conducted quantitative evaluation with indexation as well as qualitative analysis of risk factors around the globe, mainly the above 10 major countries, in the field of IP’s creation, management, protection, application, service, monitoring, competition and cooperation.
Tan Jian noted that the IP Index system referred to several domestic and international indexes, such as the Global Innovation Index (GII) released by World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and a report of IP progress in China released by the research center of China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA). In order to ensure reasonable, fair and consistent formulation of the IP Index system, experts discussed and came to the conclusion that the system shall incorporate six primary indicators (institutions, patents, trademarks, copyrights, other rights related to IP and IP business environment), 24 secondary indicators, and 56 tertiary indicators. The overall score of the Index is 77, an added-up score of all indicators. The higher the score, the more IP is protected in a country. Among the 10 countries, Germany ranks first, followed by Korea, Japan, Australia, Brazil, Vietnam, Singapore, Russia, the United States and India.
According to the Index, due to the impact of the pandemic, the IP around the globe, especially in the 10 countries, overcame the difficulties posed by COVID-19 and maintained the momentum, which are shown in the following seven aspects: 1) The competition in innovation of IP is becoming increasingly fierce around the globe. In the field of AI and 5G telecommunications, large-scale multi-national companies accelerated their layout in different countries, and the number of applications and registrations of patents and trademarks maintained. 2) Efforts are still constantly being put into IP rules formulation. In developed countries, the government is making the laws more complete and practical. In developing countries, the government and newly emerging countries are improving legislation and expanding the scope covered. 3) The efforts put into digitalized supervision and service are significantly improved. The departments responsible for IP management successively adopted no-contact supervision and services, optimized online application processes, lowered application cost and the risk of contracting COVID-19, and enhanced the efficiency and effectiveness of supervision and services. 4) The protection from legislation is strengthened around the globe. As the competition of IP around the globe has become more intense, developed countries and newly emerging markets are participating. With the development of international economic and trade system, the IP protection is improved. 5) Countries are competing more to gain the power of influence. Developed countries and newly emerging countries are using multi-lateral mechanism to rebuild global IP rules, optimize the rules and make them more adoptable. 6) Large-scale multinational companies are actively promoting the co-governance of society. Under the pressure of government surveillance and market competition, large-scale multi-national companies are strengthening internal management of IP, and participating in government supervision more actively. As a result, measures being developed are more targeted and suitable for the market. 7) The international community is minimizing adverse effects brought by the pandemic and strengthening cooperation. Due to the pandemic, the number of exchanges and cooperation, both multi-lateral and bilateral, decreased significantly. They have been carried out online instead.